jueves, 25 de agosto de 2011

Libya: Fighting in Tripoli amid reports of atrocities


Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports from one of Tripoli's main hospitals in the Mitiga District 
Heavy fighting has continued in parts of the Libyan capital Tripoli, which is now almost entirely in the hands of rebel fighters.
Rebels are also trying to reach Colonel Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte but have been pushed back by loyalist fighters.
The BBC has seen evidence of alleged torture and summary killings blamed on Col Gaddafi's forces.
In an audio message, Col Gaddafi called on Libyans to "fight and destroy" the rebels.
The message was broadcast by a pro-regime TV station and addressed to the people of Sirte, which is the rebels' next target. It was unclear when it was recorded.
"Libya is for the Libyan people and not for the agents, not for imperialism, not for France, not for Sarkozy, not for Italy," said Col Gaddafi. "Tripoli is for you, not for those who rely on Nato".
Col Gaddafi: "Do not leave Tripoli to the rats, fight them, defeat them as soon as possible"
He urged the youth of Tripoli to fight "street by street, alleyway by alleyway, house by house" and said women too could fight "from inside their homes".
The rebels have announced an amnesty for anyone within his "inner circle" who captures or kills him and a $1.7m (£1m) reward for his capture "dead or alive".
Handcuffed bodies Thursday saw gunfights erupting in the Abu Salim district of Tripoli, close to a notorious prison and one of the few remaining Gaddafi holdouts in the city.
The people now fighting for Col Gaddafi have an awful lot to lose. The people in Sirte are probably the security officials, the people who have led both the military and the plain clothes security thugs that used to maintain order in this part of the country.
They know that once Sirte is taken over by the opposition they do not have much of a future.
I think also they have been brainwashed. They have spent 42 years under an authoritarian regime and they have been rewarded by Col Gaddafi for supporting him and for fighting for him.
And conversely, they have been convinced that after him Libya is finished, so they are going to fight until the end.
There were further battles near the Corinthia Hotel about 1.5km (a mile) from Martyrs Square - formerly Green Square - where most foreign journalists are based.
Sporadic gunfire was also heard at Col Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziya compound - the area is now under the control of the rebels, who have broken into the complex tunnel system below.
The BBC's Rupert Wingfield-Hayes visited a hospital in the Mitiga district of Tripoli which had received the bodies of 17 rebel fighters.
One survivor said the group had been held at a makeshift prison in Tripoli where they were tortured and then sprayed with bullets as the Gaddafi forces retreated.
Dr Hoez Zaitan, a British medic working at the hospital, said about half the bodies had bullet wounds to the back of the head while others had disfiguring injuries to their limbs and hands.
He said the bodies had been examined for possible evidence to be used at a war crimes tribunal.
Meanwhile, the bodies of at least a dozen pro-Gaddafi fighters have been found on a roundabout in the centre of Tripoli, two of whom had their hands tied behind their backs.
A rebel fighter walks past the bodies of pro-Gaddafi troops in Tripoli, Libya (25 Aug 2011) The Red Cross is urging all sides to respect the rules of war
There were reports that one body had an intravenous drip in the arm and that others were badly burned.
Amnesty International says it has "powerful testimonies" of abuses by both sides in Zawiya, including allegations of violence by rebels African migrant workers accused of being mercenaries.
The UN has said it is looking into reports of summary killings and abuses by both sides and urged "all those in positions of authority in Libya... to take active steps to ensure that no crimes, or acts of revenge, are committed".
In other developments:
  • The Arab League has given full backing to the National Transitional Council (NTC) as the legitimate representative of the Libyan people
  • The International Monetary Fund has said it will recognise the NTC as Libya's leaders when there is "a clear, broad-based, international recognition"
  • UK Defence Minister Liam Fox has confirmed that Nato is providing intelligence and reconnaissance assistance to rebels hunting Col Gaddafi
  • A ship that can carry 200 people has left Tripoli for Benghazi, carrying some of the foreign nationals in Libya
'Urgent help'
Diplomatic efforts are continuing to arrange the release of some of Libya's assets which were frozen under UN sanctions.
The rebels' NTC has said it urgently needs $5bn to avert a humanitarian crisis in Libyan and avoid further destabilisation.
The UN has already released some $500m in assets which were frozen under sanctions, and is expected to vote this week on a resolution to release another $1bn.
Mahmoud Jibril, the head of the NTC, is in Italy seeking foreign help in accessing Libya's frozen funds. He said they needed "urgent help" to pay salaries and enable reconstruction to ensure the stability of Libya in the immediate future.
Italy has promised to release more than 350m euros of Libyan assets frozen in Italian banks.

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